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What Do Chefs Wear?

Chef in Full Chef Attire

There’s a lot of history behind the Chef’s uniform. It’s easily one of the most recognizable work attires in the world. Chef uniforms are designed with practicality, functionality and protection in mind. All of these properties are necessary for working in demanding professional kitchen environments.

In this article, we discuss the importance of proper Chef attire, the garments that comprise it and its modern variations.

The Importance of Proper Chef Attire

Professional cooks need to wear proper Chef attire for a few practical and symbolic reasons.

First and foremost, it promotes safety. Chef pants and Chef jackets are typically made out of double-thick cotton to protect against burns, steam and stains. Most Chef garments are white and are specifically designed to promote breathability in hot kitchen environments.

Professional Chef wear also helps with preventing contamination. The Chef’s hat, for instance, helps keep the Chef’s hair and sweat away from the food they’re preparing.

Lastly, the Chef uniform promotes brand awareness and professionalism. Every restaurant and Chef should aspire to make their brand distinct and recognizable. To accomplish this, Chef uniforms can be embedded with the restaurant’s logo or the Chef’s name.

Traditional Chef Uniform Components

Also known as Chef whites, traditional Chef uniforms date back to the 19th century. They consist of a double-breasted jacket, checkered pants and a toque blanche. Each piece has its own purpose and historical meaning.

Toque blanche

Toque blanche” is French for “white hat.” It’s one of the most iconic pieces of Chef clothing. In the past, the height of the toque indicated the Chef’s position in the kitchen hierarchy.

The higher the hat, the higher the rank. The number of pleats the Chef’s toque had denoted the number of recipes they had mastered.

Nowadays, the toque blanche has fallen out of favor. While many traditional and Michelin-star restaurants still use it, most establishments allow Chefs to wear alternative headwear such as beanies, baseball caps, skull caps and bandanas.

Double-breasted Chef jacket

Chef jackets have a few features that make them super functional and practical. The double-breasted design provides an extra layer of protection from heat and hot spills. They’re usually made out of heavy cotton or a mix of cotton and polyester to make them more breathable.

Chef jackets are white since that’s the color associated with cleanliness, encouraging Chefs to uphold hygiene in the kitchen. The double-breasted design allows Chefs to easily cover noticeable stains if they need to interact with customers and don’t have time to change.

Chef pants

Chef pants need to be functional and durable. They’re typically made from tear-resistant fabric that’s also lightweight. They feature multiple carefully placed pockets that are easily accessible and make the Chef’s life that little bit easier. The overall design promotes freedom of movement, which is extremely valuable when you’re working in a hot kitchen all day.

Chef pants also have an elasticated waist for maximum comfort and fit. Most are unisex and can therefore accommodate all body types.


Although aprons aren’t considered a part of the traditional uniform, many Chefs like to wear them because they provide an extra layer of protection against flames, heat and stains.

Quality Chef aprons are made from fire-retardant materials, such as Nomex and Kevlar mixed in with cotton. They might be more expensive than most standard aprons, but they’re worth every penny when you consider how much added safety they offer.


While there aren’t any rules surrounding the type of shoes Chefs can wear, there are a few traits that all Chef shoes have in common.

For example, the shoes Chefs wear should be comfortable. They spend most of their day on foot, so if the shoes are uncomfortable, they can cause blisters, fatigue and pain.

Furthermore, the shoes need to be slip-resistant. Kitchens can be full of spills that can make the surface slippery, and non-slip shoes can help prevent tripping over and getting injured.

Chefs in White Uniform Working

Modern Variations in Chef Attire

For the most part, Chef attire has remained largely the same for the past few decades. However, some modern variations and trends have emerged relatively recently.

Many garments are made using materials that promote moisture-wicking and breathability. Organic cotton and recycled fibers are both sustainable and eco-friendly materials that modern Chef attire uses in its construction.

Besides that, Chefs are leaning towards comfortable and practical options that will allow them to also retain a professional appearance.

Chef uniforms are not always white, either. In a lot of restaurants, Chefs are allowed to choose their own colors, with black becoming more popular as it helps hide stains.

As already mentioned, the toque is quickly being eradicated in favor of different types of Chef hats, such as basketball caps, beanies, headbands and skull caps.


The Chef’s attire is one of the most iconic work uniforms in hospitality, and maybe even in all other industries. While it has remained more or less the same over the past century, slight changes have made it more practical and comfortable in the past few decades.

The main purpose of the Chef uniform has remained the same — to protect Chefs in the workplace and to help raise brand awareness of the establishment they work at.

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